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Phonics

At Prestwood Infant School, children learn phonics throughout Early Years and Key Stage 1. It is taught daily, in short sessions so that children build up and practise the skills they need to use in reading and writing. Practising the sounds correctly is really important! Here is a video which shows you how to say all the sounds we work on with the children:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LlTw0oiLNys&safe=active

 

 

The school follows the Letters and Sounds programme, whilst using the Jolly Phonics actions and stories to support children with their learning:

Here are the sounds and words taught in each phase:

 

Phase 1

This is an ongoing phase throughout Preschool and Reception and often into Key Stage 1.

Singing, rhythm, playing with words (rhymes and alliteration)

 

Phase 2

This phase is taught in Reception and revisited in Year 1 if needed.

Letter progression (one set per week)

Set 1: s a t p

Set 2: i n m d

Set 3: g o c k

Set 4: ck e u r

Set 5: h b f, ff l, ll ss

 

Decodable words can be broken down into their sounds by the child.

Tricky words need to be recognized and known (i.e. learn them off by heart!)

 

Decodable words

Tricky words

a

had

the

an

back

to

as

and

I

at

get

no

if

big

go

in

him

into

is

his

 

it

not

 

of

got

 

off

up

 

on

mum

 

can

but

 

dad

put (north)

 

 

Phase 3

 

This phase follows phase 2 and is only taught after a child is confident in the previous phase.

 

Set 6: j v w x

Set 7: y z, zz qu

 

Then we teach the following sounds which are made up of more than one letter:

 

Sound

Example of word with this sound

Sound

Example of word with this sound

ch

chip

ar

farm

sh

shop

or

for

th

thin/then

ur

hurt

ng

ring

ow

cow

ai

rain

oi

coin

ee

feet

ear

dear

igh

night

air

fair

oa

boat

ure

sure

oo

boot/look

er

corner

 

 

Decodable words can be broken down into their sounds by the child.

Tricky words need to be recognized and known (i.e. learn them off by heart!)

 

 

Decodable words

Tricky words

will

see

you

he

that

for

they

she

this

now

all

we

then

down

are

me

them

look

my

be

with

too

her

was

 

Phase 4 and 5 are taught only when the child is confident using phase 3 sounds in reading and writing.

 

Phase 4

 

Decodable words can be broken down into their sounds by the child.

Tricky words need to be recognized and known (i.e. learn them off by heart!)

 

Decodable words

Tricky words

went

said

were

it’s

have

there

from

like

little

children

so

one

just

do

when

help

some

out

 

come

what

 

Phase 5

 

Sound

ay

ou

ie

ea

oy

ir

ue

Example word

day

out

pie

sea

boy

girl

clue

 

Sound

aw

wh

ph

ew

oe

au

ey

Example word

saw

when

phonics

blew

toe

Paul

money

 

   

Split sound

a-e

e-e

i-e

o-e

u-e

Example of words with this sound

came

made

make

 

these

Pete

gene

like

pine

time

bone

pole

home

June

huge

flute

 

 

Teach reading the words oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, lookedcalled, asked

Teach spelling the words said, so, have, like, some, come, were,

there

 

Then go on to learning to read

 

water, where, who, again, thought,

through, work, mouse, many, laughed, because, different,

any, eyes, friends, once, please

 

and spell little, one, do, when, what, out, oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked,

called, asked

What is the Phonics Screening Check?

The phonics screening check is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge. It helps the school confirm whether your child has made the expected progress. It involves children reading 40 words - half of which are what we call pseudo words.

   

What are ‘pseudo-words’?

The check will contain a mix of real words and ‘non-words’ or ‘pseudo-words’ (or ‘nonsense/alien words’). Children will be told before the check that there will be non-words that he or she will not have seen before. Many children will be familiar with this because many schools already use ‘non-words’ when they teach phonics. Non-words are important to include because words such as ‘vap’ or ‘jound’ are new to all children. Children cannot read the non-words by using their memory or vocabulary; they have to use their decoding skills. This is a fair way to assess their ability to decode.

 

After the check

The school will tell you about your child’s progress in phonics and how he or she has done in the screening check in the last half-term of Year 1.

If your child has found the check difficult, your child’s school should also tell you what support they have put in place to help him or her improve. You might like to ask how you can support your child to take the next step in reading.

Children who have not met the standard in Year 1 will retake the check in Year 2. All children are individuals and develop at different rates. The screening check ensures that teachers understand which children need extra help with phonic decoding.

Activities to download and print out:

 

Some excellent videos:

Please take a look at how we teach phonics at Prestwood Infant School by exploring our Phonics Policy

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